An analytical derivation of ice-shelf basal melt based on the dynamics of meltwater plumes

first_imgThe interaction between ice shelves and the ocean is an important process for the development of marine ice sheets. However, it is difficult to model in full detail due to the high computational cost of coupled ice-ocean simulations, so that simplified basal-melt parameterizations are required. In this work, a new analytical expression for basal melt is derived from the theory of buoyant meltwater plumes moving upward under the ice shelf and driving the overturning circulation within the ice-shelf cavity. The governing equations are nondimensionalized in the case of an ice shelf with constant basal slope and uniform ambient ocean conditions. An asymptotic analysis of these equations in terms of small slopes and small thermal driving, assumed typical for Antarctic ice shelves, leads to an equation that can be solved analytically for the dimensionless melt rate. This analytical expression describes a universal melt-rate curve onto which the scaled results of the original plume model collapse. Its key features are a positive melt peak close to the grounding line and a transition to refreezing further away. Comparing the analytical expression with numerical solutions of the plume model generally shows a close agreement between the two, even for more general cases than the idealized geometry considered in the derivation. The results show how the melt rates adapt naturally to changes in the geometry and ambient ocean temperature. The new expression can readily be used for improving ice-sheet models that currently still lack a sufficiently realistic description of basal melt.last_img read more

DERAILING THE TRUMP EXPRESS

first_imgMaking Sense by Michael ReaganThe Trump Train is rolling on.It’s going so fast and in so many directions at once that its critics can’t catch up.All week long President Trump has filled the headlines with news.He’s nominated Neil Gorsuch — a great judge who understands and reveres what the Constitution says, not what he’d like it to say — to fill Antonin Scalia’s un-fillable seat on the Supreme Court.He’s seen his major cabinet picks at State, Treasury, the EPA, HHS, etc., finally get confirmed, despite the whining and foot dragging of Senate Democrats.He’s issued executive orders on taxes, regulations and who knows what else.And he’s had tough-guy Michael Flynn, his National Security Advisor, sternly warn the Iranians that we’re no longer going to stand idly by as they make trouble in the Mideast and test-rattle their ballistic missiles.By the time this column gets into print, we could be invading Yemen.Things are happening fast in Washington —- at “Trump Speed,” as someone has said.It seems like a month ago that the Trump administration’s so-called “Muslim ban” was announced, but it was actually only last week.The president’s executive order restricted travelers from seven terrorist-breeding countries from coming into the USA for three months, and also suspended the refugee program for four months until a better system of vetting could be devised.The whole thing was a total political and public relations disaster for the president —- a textbook example of how not to communicate to the American people.What President Trump should have done was address the country from the Oval Office, fully explain what he was about to sign and then sign it.He should have pointed out that it was temporary, that it was based on national security and geography, not religion, and that the seven countries listed were the same ones that had been singled out by the Obama administration as terrorism incubators.All the problems and confusion and minor tragedies at airports for incoming travelers should have been foreseen and should never have occurred.All the liberal howlings that Trump was discriminating against the Muslim religion or that the ban was unconstitutional would not have been eliminated, but they would have been blunted.The crowds of knuckleheads who protested at airports still would have shown up with their pre-printed anti-Trump signs, but they would have been much smaller.The whole fiasco showed that Trump and his team are still rookies who have a lot to learn about planning, explaining and spinning their executive edicts and decisions.Trump got a D- for his “Muslim ban” announcement.But the media got a solid F for the sloppy, misleading and partisan way they covered it.The media didn’t put the executive order in perspective, didn’t explain that it was based on geography and didn’t explain that the seven countries on the list came from the Obama administration.In their fervor to get Trump they didn’t bother to point out that President Obama’s administration had slowed down the processing of Iraqis refugees coming to the U.S. for six months in 2011 for security reasons.The most outrageous thing the media did was to fan the idea that an executive order aimed at regulating the freedom of foreign visitors was unconstitutional.It was perfectly constitutional. The U.S. Constitution doesn’t apply to foreign visitors.The only people who have the constitutional right to come into the U.S. are American citizens.Every country has restrictions for its visitors. For example, you don’t have a right to go into Canada if you have a DUI.It’s an extreme tough rule, but I don’t see the ACLU or Alcoholics Anonymous demonstrating against Canada.If anyone was responsible for all the sign-waving protestors who clogged up our airports last weekend, it was the dominant liberal media —- which is clearly interested more in bashing Trump and getting ratings than the truth.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Weekly Market Review September 21, 2020

first_imgWhen the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to near zero on 12/16/08 during the mortgage crisis, it set the table for ultimately what was seven years before the central bank raised rates. Longer-term interest rates followed the Fed’s lead, as yields on all durations of corporate and government debt fell to historic lows that have continued well into 2020. The global pandemic forced the Fed to cut rates again to near zero (on 3/15/20), leading to last week’s announcement that they expect rates to remain near zero “at least through 2023 to help support our (economic) recovery” (source: Federal Reserve).The number of Americans receiving state unemployment benefits has almost been cut in half over the last four months. From 22.8 million on 5/09/20 to 12.3 million on 9/05/20, the number of jobless individuals receiving weekly benefits has dropped 46% since May. Congress continues to argue whether another bailout bill is warranted and how large it should be. (source: Congress).More Washington theatrics will likely play out over the next 1 ½ weeks as the political parties work to prevent a government shutdown at midnight on Wednesday 9 /30/20. A government shutdown would be our fourth in just the last three years (source: Congress).Notable Numbers for the Week:BACK IN BUSINESS – U.S. ports received ships carrying 2.06 million containers loaded with cargo during the month of August 2020. That’s the largest number ever recorded in a monthly survey compiled since 2002(source: National Retail Federation Global Port Tracker).A NEW HIGH – After adjusting numerical data from the past for the impact of inflation, the median household income in 2019 ($68,703) is the highest ever recorded in the U.S. and is the fourth consecutive year (2016-2019) that produced an all-time inflation-adjusted record. Before 2016, the peak for median household income was $62,641 set in 1999 (source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).SHOULD WE GET A BITE TO EAT? – 12% of the “sit-down” restaurant chains, i.e., not “fast food,” that were in business before the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States in February 2020, are now out of business and have closed for good (source: Black Box Intelligence).ON FIRE – Of the 10 largest wildfires in the last 10 years in California, five of them are taking place right now. The biggest of the five is the August Complex fire, the largest in state history (source: Los Angeles Times: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection).Mark R. Reimet, CFP®CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™Jodie BoothFinancial Advisorlast_img read more

Comic Book Adaption Of The Beatles’ ‘Yellow Submarine’ To Honor The Film’s 50th Anniversary

first_imgIn 1968, The Beatles’ fantastical animated musical comedy, Yellow Submarine, was released, with the film gaining high marks from critics and fans alike. As the movie rounds toward its 50th anniversary next year, the cartoon will be reimagined in comic book form, adding to the artistic legacy of the film. The Apple Corporation just revealed that it authorized a comic adaptation of the Beatles’ film, which is written and illustrated by Bill Morrison, the incoming editor of MAD Magazine. The Beatles: Yellow Submarine is due out in 2018 via Titan Comics, and, like the movie, follows The Beatles and their various romps with the Blue Meanies. As Chris Teather, current publishing director for Titan Comics told the Hollywood Reporter, “We’re thrilled to be publishing The Beatles: Yellow Submarine for the 50th Anniversary of this fantastic movie. . . . We can’t wait for Beatles fans to experience this official adaptation.”[H/T Rolling Stone]last_img read more

A grain of creativity

first_imgCelebrating process as much as product and incorporating verbal and visual puns into its socially informed art, the cooperative Futurefarmers introduced itself to the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts on Thursday. Speaking at the Sert Gallery, longtime cooperative members Amy Franceschini and Michael Swaine discussed past and ongoing projects in multimedia, science, and agriculture — including their most recent, involving seeds and grains — and disseminated some ideas along the way.The duo were given a brief introduction by James Voorhies, the John R. and Barbara Robinson Family Director of the Carpenter Center, who admitted a bit of trepidation about the group’s research plans — which he had been told might include “large pneumatic tubes.” Franceschini and Swaine then began with a visual presentation of some of their early site- and source-specific work.Founded by Franceschini in 1995, the San Francisco-based group is many things. A functioning design studio, supporting various artist-in-residence and other projects, the group includes artists, scientists, teachers, and, yes, farmers making work that is, as their website explains, “relevant to the time and place surrounding them.”Prior to their talk, Amy Franceschini and Michael Swaine were given a brief introduction by James Voorhies, the John R. and Barbara Robinson Family Director of the Carpenter Center, who admitted a bit of trepidation about the group’s research plans — which he had been told might include “large pneumatic tubes.” Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff PhotographerThese pieces include such projects as 2014’s “Forging a Nail,” images from which were shown on Thursday night. Kicked off by two interoffice memos found in Los Alamos, N.M., requesting both a small table and a nail (on which to hang a hat) for Robert Oppenheimer, then working on the Manhattan Project, the piece tackles the ideas of tools and utility, science and mortality — all with wit.“Mr. Oppenheimer would like a nail to hang his hat on,” read the memo, a request that was repeated in the follow-up. This led to the question of what type of nail would be appropriate for the man called the father of the atomic bomb. The collective made several, including one forged from a meteorite found in the Arizona desert, another of glass forged by the atomic test blasts, and one cast out of 1943 pennies, coins that for that one year — because of wartime shortages — were made of steel.Even the verbs used, explained Swaine, became part of the process. The word “forge,” he said, means “to beat.” But it also leads to “forgery” or fake. “Casting,” as the artisans did with the molten steel, is something one does with a shadow. It is also something done by a director who is assigning roles in a play. With images of the resulting nails (and the table), Franceschini and Swaine talked through the possibilities inherent in the seemingly simple request.Currently, group members are combining their interests in what they call a Flatbread Society seed journey, a seven-year project loosely based in Oslo. In the Norwegian port, the group has launched several projects, including gathering ancient non-GMO grains that have fallen out of use and constructing community ovens where people may bake the traditional, long-lasting Norwegian flatbread. The ovens, explained Franceschini, have already taken on a creative life of their own, as many in Oslo’s immigrant community — including many from the Middle East — recognized the basic hive shape from their own cultures.The next phase of the project will begin next October and involves sailing from Oslo to the Middle East. Stopping in London, as well as various points in Europe, the journey will transport scientists and farmers, along with their grains, re-creating ancient routes.“We’re taking the seeds we’ve grown back to their origins,” explained Swaine, noting that even though those origins are contested, it is likely that wheat — like most agriculture — spread north from the Middle East.What about that current research that has Voorhies concerned? In keeping with their ongoing project, it involves navigation, although the duo were unwilling to pin it down much more. “We came with the concept of navigation as an entry point,” said Swaine. “We’re navigating Harvard. We did have some beautiful experiences in the philosophy department, just wandering in and sneaking into the back of lectures, and seeing the proximity of the philosophy department to the Carpenter Center.”And that pneumatic tube? “We were thinking it costs a lot of money to heat the gallery downstairs,” said Franceschini, speaking about the “materiality” of the Carpenter Center and the philosophy department as “a place of ideas.” “If we can use the breath of thinking down there” for heating, she said, “we can save money and make a book.”last_img read more

Draghi brings market savvy, gravitas to tame Italy’s crises

first_imgMILAN (AP) — The former European Central Bank chief credited with helping to save the euro has now been tapped to lead Italy out of the pandemic and the worst recession since World War II.  Draghi gained global respect as the head of the European Central Bank for eight years, managing monetary policy for the 19 countries that use the euro, with an economy worth 12 trillion euros, or $14.4 trillion. He not only has an insider’s grasp of the financial rule book that Italy must follow, but he has the respect of those whose forbearance Italy may require during the difficult months and years ahead.last_img read more

Nutritional baby food

first_imgBy Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaUniversity of Georgia food scientists and their colleagues at theUniversity of Ghana, Legon have developed infant foods that havebeen used to improve the nutritional status of malnourishedchildren in some communities in Ghana. “A significant subpopulation of children in the region oftensuffers from extreme protein malnutrition,” said Robert Phillips,a food scientist with the UGA College of Agricultural andEnvironmental Sciences. Extending existing workTo address this growing health issue, Phillips and UGA graduatestudent Yvonne Mensa-Wilmot, a native of Ghana in West Africa,extended previous work on weaning foods. The principle of protein complementation – the blending ofdifferent proteins to optimize the resulting essential amino acidcontent – was used. Previously in Ghana, a formula called “weanimix,” made from crops indigenous to the region, had beenintroduced. Phillips and Mensa-Wilmot also used combinations of cowpeas,peanuts, and corn, all staple crops in the area, as well assoybean, a non-traditional crop being promoted for this purpose. The formulas were designed for children 6 to 9 months old and hadbuilt-in convenience for mothers preparing it. The approach was to use computer programs to optimize amino acidprofiles of blends. Ingredients were then processed by extrusioncooking, enzyme action, and other approaches to yieldready-to-use formulas that had to simply be mixed with hot waterprior to serving. The resulting formulas were extensivelyanalyzed for nutritional and physical properties. The research project was funded by the U.S. Agency forInternational Development’s Bean/Cowpea Collaborative ResearchSupport Program (CRSP). As part of the collaboration,Mensa-Wilmot traveled to Ghana to survey mothers’ responses tothe foodand their willingness to accept and use it.Dramatic resultsOn the weaning formula project, Sam Sefa-Dedeh and EstherSakyi-Dawson, both with the Department of Nutrition and FoodScience at the University of Ghana-Legon, have developed otherhigh protein foods. One of their weaning foods is based on thetraditional fermented maize dough fortified with cowpeas. “They conducted the outreach efforts to introduce the food tosome villages,” said Phillips. In the communities where thefortified food was tested the nutritional status of the childrenimproved dramatically.In one case, a 2-year old child was so malnourished she wasunable to walk. Just a few months after eating the porridge fromthe fortified fermented maize dough, she was much stronger andable to walk again. Children need proteinUnlike adults in these regions, growing children can’t survivesolely on cereal-based foods.”A child’s essential amino-acid requirement on a body-weightbasis is nearly 10 times that of an adult,” Phillips said. “Theyjust can’t survive on starchy weaning foods. They have to haveadditional protein, too.””These children often develop edema,” he said, “which causestheir stomachs to swell, making them appear fat when, in fact,they’re very malnourished.”These children also often suffer hair loss and loss of hairpigmentation, he said.”You can spot the children who are in the extreme stages ofmalnutrition, because they have red hair instead of black hair,”he said. “This is just one sign of lack of protein or lowprotein.”Sometimes cultural practices prevent parents in underdevelopedcountries from providing their children a protein food even whenit’s available, he said.”For example, some parents won’t give the children eggs becausethey think it will make them want to steal eggs,” Phillips said.”Of course, this is not true. But it’s an old myth, similar tomany still in existence in our own society.”last_img read more

SOUTHCOM Works to Stem Narco-Terrorism in the region

first_imgHezbollah and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) also pose a threat in Latin America by seeking to influence young people through social media, such as Twitter and Facebook, since “we Colombians are all passion and the youth can easily fall for that,” the analyst said. This is part of a truly multinational effort that includes such agreements as the U.S. -Colombia Action Plan on Regional Security. The plan is a framework in which both the U.S. and Colombia provide training or assistance to counter-parts in Central America. Colombia, in particular has plenty of experience in dealing with transnational organized crime and terrorism that can be helpful to nations confronting a common threat. International cooperation is a key component in the fight against drug trafficking, illegal mining, and oil theft terrorist groups use to fund their operations. “Colombia is a terrific example of how sustained U.S. support can help a partner nation gain control of their security situation, strengthen government institutions, eradicate corruption, and bolster their economy,” said SOUTHCOM’s Commander, General John F. Kelly. “Colombia’s turnaround is nothing short of phenomenal, and it stands shoulder-to-shoulder with the United States as together we work to improve regional stability.” Col. Martinez said he is optimistic Colombia’s Armed Forces and National Police are “among the best trained in the world,” and up to the task of countering any alliance between Middle Eastern terrorist groups and domestic outlaw organizations. Though the FARC and the ELN do not share the ideological outlook of Middle Eastern terrorist groups, they could still form an alliance with an organization like Hezbollah. “It could be a different kind of collaboration, such as exchange of military training for weapons,” which could give the FARC and the ELN access to surface to air missiles or drones, said Luis Fernando García Arenas, who works at the Banco de la República and is an expert in asset laundering and terrorism prevention. Col. Martinez said he is optimistic Colombia’s Armed Forces and National Police are “among the best trained in the world,” and up to the task of countering any alliance between Middle Eastern terrorist groups and domestic outlaw organizations. “We rely heavily on our international partners [across the region],” said Gen. Kelly during the 32nd International Drug Enforcement Conference (IDEC) held in Cartagena June 2-4. FARC and ELN traffic drugs to finance terrorism The United States Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) is a partner with law enforcement and militaries from the region to counter transnational organized crime that is threatening the sovereignty and security and facilitates terrorism. If Hezbollah were to seek an alliance with the FARC or the ELN, it would not be the first time an international terrorist group operated in Colombia. The Irish Republican Army, for example, helped train the FARC, particularly in the use of explosive devices, Col. Martínez said. In Central America and the Caribbean, now in its fourth year, Operation MARTILLO has managed to interdict more than 400 metric tons of cocaine, worth $8 billion in potential revenue for transnational crime organizations. “Drug trafficking is exceedingly profitable and there are structures of the FARC – especially in the borders with Panama, and others [countries] – that represent significant income for the guerrilla leaders,” said retired Colombian Army Colonel Michel Martínez Poinsenet, a national security and defense analyst. “Colombia taught us that sustained engagement by the United States can make a real and lasting difference,” General Kelly said in a statement to the U.S. Congress in March. “The good news is we know how to win this fight. Colombia taught us that the key to defeating insurgents is the same as defeating criminal networks: a strong, accountable government that protects its citizens, upholds the rule of law, and expands economic opportunity for all.” Such collaboration takes on many forms. For instance, nations in the region have significantly ramped up drug interdiction efforts this year with an aim to prevent the transnational criminal organizations or terrorists groups from profiting from illegal drugs. In Central America and the Caribbean, now in its fourth year, Operation MARTILLO has managed to interdict more than 400 metric tons of cocaine, worth $8 billion in potential revenue for transnational crime organizations. “The security forces’ pressure on the FARC, starting with Plan Colombia, pushed the terrorist group to modify their financing strategies,” said Néstor Rosanía, Director of the Colombian Center for Security, Defense and International Affairs (CESDAI). Before, the outlaw organization focused on extortion and kidnapping, “but then they shifted to drug trafficking.” Additionally, the terrorist group has turned to illegal mining and large-scale fuel theft to generate funds to purchase weapons and explosives. “The FARC are again modifying and diversifying their financing streams,” Rosania said. “Natural resources are becoming strategic for these terrorist groups [FARC and ELN]. Today, the FARC is in business with its former enemies. The organized crime gangs are sharing routes and logistics with them, and we are seeing the violent fight for the country’s resources,” Rosanía added. “We rely heavily on our international partners [across the region],” said Gen. Kelly during the 32nd International Drug Enforcement Conference (IDEC) held in Cartagena June 2-4. Consequently, outlaw groups like the FARC and the ELN have increasingly turned to drug trafficking to finance their operations. “Colombia taught us that sustained engagement by the United States can make a real and lasting difference,” General Kelly said in a statement to the U.S. Congress in March. “The good news is we know how to win this fight. Colombia taught us that the key to defeating insurgents is the same as defeating criminal networks: a strong, accountable government that protects its citizens, upholds the rule of law, and expands economic opportunity for all.” Additionally, the terrorist group has turned to illegal mining and large-scale fuel theft to generate funds to purchase weapons and explosives. “The FARC are again modifying and diversifying their financing streams,” Rosania said. “Natural resources are becoming strategic for these terrorist groups [FARC and ELN]. Today, the FARC is in business with its former enemies. The organized crime gangs are sharing routes and logistics with them, and we are seeing the violent fight for the country’s resources,” Rosanía added. Though the FARC and the ELN do not share the ideological outlook of Middle Eastern terrorist groups, they could still form an alliance with an organization like Hezbollah. “It could be a different kind of collaboration, such as exchange of military training for weapons,” which could give the FARC and the ELN access to surface to air missiles or drones, said Luis Fernando García Arenas, who works at the Banco de la República and is an expert in asset laundering and terrorism prevention. “The security forces’ pressure on the FARC, starting with Plan Colombia, pushed the terrorist group to modify their financing strategies,” said Néstor Rosanía, Director of the Colombian Center for Security, Defense and International Affairs (CESDAI). Before, the outlaw organization focused on extortion and kidnapping, “but then they shifted to drug trafficking.” “The Lebanese terrorist group Hezbollah – which has long viewed the region as a potential attack venue against Israeli or other Western targets – has supporters and sympathizers in Lebanese diaspora communities in Latin America, some of whom are involved in lucrative illicit activities like money laundering, and trafficking in counterfeit goods and drugs,” Gen. Kelly said. “Colombia is a terrific example of how sustained U.S. support can help a partner nation gain control of their security situation, strengthen government institutions, eradicate corruption, and bolster their economy,” said SOUTHCOM’s Commander, General John F. Kelly. “Colombia’s turnaround is nothing short of phenomenal, and it stands shoulder-to-shoulder with the United States as together we work to improve regional stability.” Such collaboration takes on many forms. For instance, nations in the region have significantly ramped up drug interdiction efforts this year with an aim to prevent the transnational criminal organizations or terrorists groups from profiting from illegal drugs. Foreign terrorist groups may seek to work with Latin American criminal organizations for pragmatic reasons. “Illegal armed groups such as FARC, ELN, and the criminal gangs have infrastructure, territorial control of certain remote areas, and an injection of immense amounts of money from drug trafficking, which would easily allow their reciprocal collaboration and alliance,” Col. Martínez said. Foreign terrorist groups may seek to work with Latin American criminal organizations for pragmatic reasons. “Illegal armed groups such as FARC, ELN, and the criminal gangs have infrastructure, territorial control of certain remote areas, and an injection of immense amounts of money from drug trafficking, which would easily allow their reciprocal collaboration and alliance,” Col. Martínez said. FARC and ELN traffic drugs to finance terrorism Colombian defense officials estimate that the FARC generates in excess of $3.5 billion annually in drug revenue — a profit stream the terrorist organization has become increasingly dependent on as other sources dry up. In recent years, for example, security forces have successfully carried out multiple operations against two other avenues of FARC financing: extortion and kidnapping. Cooperative efforts by the Colombian National Army, the National Police, and civilian agencies have reduced kidnappings in Colombia by more than 90 percent since 2000, according to the nation’s anti-kidnapping agency. Consequently, outlaw groups like the FARC and the ELN have increasingly turned to drug trafficking to finance their operations. Colombian defense officials estimate that the FARC generates in excess of $3.5 billion annually in drug revenue — a profit stream the terrorist organization has become increasingly dependent on as other sources dry up. In recent years, for example, security forces have successfully carried out multiple operations against two other avenues of FARC financing: extortion and kidnapping. Cooperative efforts by the Colombian National Army, the National Police, and civilian agencies have reduced kidnappings in Colombia by more than 90 percent since 2000, according to the nation’s anti-kidnapping agency. This is part of a truly multinational effort that includes such agreements as the U.S. -Colombia Action Plan on Regional Security. The plan is a framework in which both the U.S. and Colombia provide training or assistance to counter-parts in Central America. Colombia, in particular has plenty of experience in dealing with transnational organized crime and terrorism that can be helpful to nations confronting a common threat. If Hezbollah were to seek an alliance with the FARC or the ELN, it would not be the first time an international terrorist group operated in Colombia. The Irish Republican Army, for example, helped train the FARC, particularly in the use of explosive devices, Col. Martínez said. By Dialogo June 15, 2015 The United States Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) is a partner with law enforcement and militaries from the region to counter transnational organized crime that is threatening the sovereignty and security and facilitates terrorism. Possible ties to Middle Eastern terrorist groups Possible ties to Middle Eastern terrorist groups “The Lebanese terrorist group Hezbollah – which has long viewed the region as a potential attack venue against Israeli or other Western targets – has supporters and sympathizers in Lebanese diaspora communities in Latin America, some of whom are involved in lucrative illicit activities like money laundering, and trafficking in counterfeit goods and drugs,” Gen. Kelly said. SOUTHCOM is concerned by the financial and operational overlap among criminal and terrorist networks in the countries of the region and beyond. Although the extent of criminal-terrorist cooperation is unclear, what is apparent is that terrorists and militant organizations tap into the international illicit marketplace to underwrite their criminal activities and obtain arms and funding to conduct operations. Among other things, military authorities are monitoring whether Middle Eastern terrorist groups are seeking to partner with illegal Latin American organizations to generate funds for terrorist attacks. “Drug trafficking is exceedingly profitable and there are structures of the FARC – especially in the borders with Panama, and others [countries] – that represent significant income for the guerrilla leaders,” said retired Colombian Army Colonel Michel Martínez Poinsenet, a national security and defense analyst. Hezbollah and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) also pose a threat in Latin America by seeking to influence young people through social media, such as Twitter and Facebook, since “we Colombians are all passion and the youth can easily fall for that,” the analyst said. SOUTHCOM is concerned by the financial and operational overlap among criminal and terrorist networks in the countries of the region and beyond. Although the extent of criminal-terrorist cooperation is unclear, what is apparent is that terrorists and militant organizations tap into the international illicit marketplace to underwrite their criminal activities and obtain arms and funding to conduct operations. Among other things, military authorities are monitoring whether Middle Eastern terrorist groups are seeking to partner with illegal Latin American organizations to generate funds for terrorist attacks. International cooperation is a key component in the fight against drug trafficking, illegal mining, and oil theft terrorist groups use to fund their operations. last_img read more

Booking.com brings eight travel trends for 2019.

first_imgTaking advantage of its unique position in travel and technology, Booking.com, the world’s leading passenger accommodation company, has leveraged a unique insight that has more than 163 million guest reviews and a survey conducted on over 21.500 travelers from 29 countries, among which is also Croatia, to reveal eight predictions related to travel in 2019. An insight into future trends reveals to travelers and the tourism sector what they can expect next year. 1.Science trips In 2019, passengers will make decisions taking into account the significance and purpose of the trip itself. Two out of five passengers from Croatia (42%) believe that they have acquired valuable life skills through travel, and research has shown that in 2019 even more people will strive to learn something on the trip, and the number of trips based on volunteering and skills development will increase among travelers of all age. Generation Z, for example, will increasingly question the value of expensive college degrees versus practical life skills learned from travel and classroom and office experiences, and employers will increasingly seek precisely those practical employment skills.When it comes to the most popular purpose trips, as many as 80% of travelers from Croatia would participate in a cultural exchange that includes mastering a new skill, while 70% would consider volunteering on a trip, and 71% an international exchange with a focus on work.2.Easier and simpler 2019 will be marked by a new criterion for the evaluation of technological innovations in the tourism and travel sector – simplicity. In recent years, passengers have heard rumors about artificial intelligence (AI), virtual reality (VR) and speech recognition systems, and next year the most significant will be those innovations that these technologies have fitted well into practical solutions for travelers. Imagine entering a room without a key, just with the help of your own phone, personalized travel tips or a robot that can communicate with guests in their language. However, the innovations that will delight us the most will not be exotic or futuristic. Passengers from Croatia they are most looking forward to a unique application that will cover all needs related to planning, booking and travel only (61%) and mobile applications that will be able to track the location of their luggage in real time (59%). Means of transport in the destination that offer autonomous driving are somewhat less happy for users from Croatia (34%). In 2019, more technological innovations designed for pre-travel research will be developed. As many as 31% of travelers from Croatia like the idea of ​​a ‘virtual travel agent’ that would be controlled by voice commands from the comfort of their own home, and every fifth respondent would like to know the destination before the trip using virtual reality technology.3.The universe (is) not the limit NASA will begin construction of its space station on the Moon in 2019 (with a launch scheduled for 2022), and large investments in orbital space flights will continue to the same extent that will bring us closer to the idea of ​​space travel. Travel and consumer goods companies will invest in Earth-based testing to prepare for the space future and meet the needs of consumers looking to explore new areas. One of the three respondents from Croatia (36%) look forward to the possibility of space travel in the future, and almost as many are open to that experience (35%). Until space travel becomes a reality, this new courageous mentality will for now manifest itself in closer journeys with a desire to explore as yet unexplored areas on Earth. Passengers show the most interest in what is below the surface (terra firma) because two out of three passengers from Croatia (64%) confirm that they want to stay in accommodation below the sea surface. 4.Up close and personal 2019 is likely to bring rapid progress in the way travel information is transmitted and consumed. Generic and detailed guides from the past will give way to shorter and more individualized content that can be seamlessly integrated into the overview available to travelers.A quarter of passengers from Croatia (27%) want someone or something to take the hard part and offer them travel recommendations, and about two-fifths (39%) want travel service companies to use technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) to make recommendations based on previous experiences. More than half of travelers (54%) would be excited about technological innovations in the travel world such as a digital guide that would give them a truly personalized experience.5.Aware of travel Given the growing global interest in social issues such as human rights, equality and working conditions, in 2019 more and more aware travelers will come to the fore, focusing even more on issues related to social, political and environmental issues in potential travel destinations before deciding where they want to travel. Right now two out of five passengers from Croatia (40%) consider social issues related to potential travel destinations to be extremely important when choosing a destination, and more than half of travelers (54%) refuse to visit a destination if they believe it will have a negative impact on the local population.6.Plastic and not at all fantastic The problem of disposable plastic packaging will continue to be an extremely important topic, but in 2019, care for the environment will increasingly be transformed into concrete measures aimed at protecting the environment. Millennium and Generation Z travelers will be looking for environmentally sustainable experiences in the destination they are visiting, and when it comes to accommodation, providers will try to reduce the use of plastic packaging and thus improve their sustainability references. Most passengers from Croatia (88%) say they would be willing to devote some time to activities that will mitigate the environmental impact of their stay, and a third (33%) are willing to collect plastic and waste on the beach at the destination they visit. 7.Organized trips Travel with experiences at its core was one of the main trends in 2018, and in 2019 it will rise to an even higher level. “Active vacation” will have the same importance as “going on vacation”, if not higher, when travelers are thinking about traveling. For almost two thirds of passengers from Croatia (62%) experiences now have more value than material things. In 2019, travelers will enjoy a number of different and authentic experiences – from the places where they will dine and sleep to the way they go shopping or watch their favorite sports matches. The emphasis will be on moments that will bring them joy and enjoyment long after the event itself.  As we lead a life full of obligations, experiences can help us ease the burden of the stressful life of adults a little. Almost half of passengers from Croatia (46%) in 2019 plan to visit a destination where they will feel like a child again. We expect the hosts to add children’s and playful elements to their accommodations, such as ball pools and rubber diving castles for adults, to prepare them for millennial and generation Z travelers – the largest groups traveling to re-emerge. felt like a child. 8.Maximum utilization of micro travel As many as 50% of passengers from Croatia stated that in 2019 they plan to go on more weekend trips. It is a year for which it is predicted that everything will be tailored to passengers – short trips with better organized travel plans, which are inserted in shorter timeframes. In this case, less is definitely more because passengers are offered experiences tailored to them. The survey was commissioned by Booking.com and was independently conducted on a sample of adults who have been on a trip in the past 12 months / plan to go on a trip in the next 12 months. A total of 21.500 participants from around the world participated in the survey (including 1000 from Australia, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, China, Brazil, India, the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, Indonesia, Colombia and South Korea; and 500 from Japan, New Zealand, Thailand, Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Hong Kong, Croatia, Taiwan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Sweden, Singapore and Israel).last_img read more

“Fighting for change so that no one has to suffer alone”

first_imgLocalNews “Fighting for change so that no one has to suffer alone” by: – June 23, 2011 Share Gay pride flag. Photo credit: telegraph.co.ukThe role of the homosexual in Caribbean society has never been properly explored. We have all the names- funny, batty bwoy, nasty boy, nasty girl, anti man, buller man, chi-chi man, and tanty man, but these words are barriers to confronting the reality of the Caribbean sexual orientation revolution.In my very small town, there were always a few men who were known to bat for the other side- at the age of ten I knew of at least three.  There are also many other social indicators showing that time has indeed moved on.  More seriously, many of us (including me a few years ago) cling to the Bible for justification for discriminating against homosexuals.It’s what we have been taught. But how can we cling to a literal interpretation of a Bible that for years was used to justify slavery (in the New Testament -“slaves, obey your earthly masters with deep respect and fear, serve them sincerely as you would serve Christ”) discrimination against women and racism (the “curse of Ham” was used by some members of Abraham religions to justify racism and the enslavement of people of Black African ancestry, who were believed to be descendants of Ham). I must admit I am probably not fully comfortable with and do not want to know the fine details of how two men have sex but we do not accord rights to human beings based on our personal comfort levels.I would like to think that when Martin Luther King fought and spoke about that important promissory note that “that all men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”, he did not only speak in terms of white or black, American and Non American, gay or straight but he hoped that this could be truly extended to all.  I am of the live and let live persuasion. As Bertrand Russell said “The only part of the conduct of anyone for which he is amenable to society is that which concerns others. In the part which merely concerns him, his independence is, of right, absolute. Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign”. Invisible life is the story of our lives. School, girlfriends, and career choices were all part of our lives, but there were other, more terrifying issues for us to confront. Being black was tough enough, but we were becoming more and more conscious of sexual feelings that we knew weren’t “right.” We were completely committed to Societies acceptance and moral values, our parents, Family members but our attraction to same gender sex grew.  After meeting during our final year of fully accepting the person we both were what we had for each other become more than just a friendship. No matter how much we tried to suppress the feeling of love for each other, our feelings were deeply sexual.Moving from one relationship to another Anthony found himself more confused than ever before, giving him enormous pleasure but keep him from finding the inner peace and lasting love he so desperately desires.  While Glenroy on the other hand, was very much into the party scene and failing to realize life’s worth.  After meeting with Anthony, Glenroy now realize that life is much more than what he had it to be, and worked tirelessly to maintain a relationship with Anthony.  After an amazing three (3) months of preparation, the final day was here and the wedding ceremony proceeded.  Through the trials and tribulations leading up to the wedding and after Glenroy Marshall and Anthony Marshall-Williams decided to be the voice of countless gay lesbian folks trapped in loveless relationships and marriages, doing what they do best for the sake of an “image “that floats tentatively on a quivering body of nerves and air.SecretaryC.H.A.P Dominica Chapter Share 48 Views   no discussionscenter_img Sharing is caring! Tweet Sharelast_img read more