Systematic review uncovers cannabis withdrawal syndrome among 47% of regular cannabis users

first_imgPsyPost 11 August 2020Family First Comment: More harms – which will increase with legalisation…“The findings suggest that almost half of regular marijuana users will experience cannabis withdrawal, something the authors say many people are unaware of. Cannabis withdrawal appears to be highly prevalent among people who consume cannabis regularly, or who are heavy consumers. Clinicians should be aware of its existence so that they can provide support to people who are considering cessation of or reduction in cannabis use. The literature suggests that cannabis withdrawal may be a driver of continued use…”A literature review of 47 studies found that nearly half of cannabis users met criteria for cannabis withdrawal syndrome. The review was published in The Journal of the American Medical Association.Although cannabis is typically seen as a relatively safe drug, research has pointed to various risks associated with regular use. Short-term risks include memory impairment and paranoia and long-term risks range from addiction and cognitive impairment to suicide. More recently, researchers have identified the presence of cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS) in a subset of regular users.Despite the emerging evidence of CWS, little is known about the prevalence or risk factors associated with its occurrence. “Cannabis withdrawal is a fascinating topic. We were not certain on the prevalence or risk factors for cannabis withdrawal, which was the basis of the study,” said study author Anees Bahji, an addiction psychiatry fellow at the University of Calgary.The researchers consulted 8 electronic databases and ended up with 47 studies that met criteria to be included in their review. All studies included a validated assessment of CWS or CWS symptoms. In total, the studies involved 23,518 participants, 69% of whom were men. The studies involved 50 different cohorts; half of them were users seeking treatment and most (76%) were from North America.The meta-analysis revealed an overall prevalence of cannabis withdrawal syndrome of 47%. The researchers further analyzed the results by study setting, to see if the likelihood of CWS differed depending on the sample used in the study. The highest prevalence of CWS (87%) was found in inpatient samples. Outpatient samples had a prevalence of 54% and population-based samples had a 17% prevalence of CWS.“The finding that the prevalence of CWS was substantially higher in clinical populations—particularly inpatient samples—is consistent with the notion of a bidirectional association between cannabis use and mental health disorders . . . This finding may indicate that people with CWS are more likely to present to clinicians for help compared with those without CWS, notwithstanding the fact that CWS can be diagnosed and untreated,” Bahji and colleagues say.READ MORE: read more

Lovell’s all-round exploits lead GCC to thrilling win over DCC

first_imgBy Faizool  DeoTHADDEUS Lovell led with ball and bat to propel Georgetown Cricket Club (GCC) to a thrilling two-wicket win against home team Demerara Cricket Club (DCC) in the final of the Georgetown Cricket Association (GCA) Toucan Distributors U-15 competition. GCC controlled most of the game (reduced to 46 overs) yesterday at DCC ground, but when their top order fell in the chase, it exposed their tail and the defending champions were able to bowl themselves back into the clash. A thrilling battle ensued, with GCC able to fend off a spirited DCC team.The visitors won the toss and with Lovell delivering with his pace bowling, they were able to restrict DCC to 158 all out in 44.1 overs.Lovell, who took the key wicket of opener Jaden Campbell for 48, finished with 4-42 from 9.1 overs.Thaddeus Lovell scored 61 runs and picked up four wickets for GCC.West Indies U-16 cricketer Mavindra Dindyal supported with 3-37 from nine overs bowling both off-spin and leg-spin. Campbell, who finished with the most runs in the tournament, struck five fours and a six in his innings, and he looked set to take his team to a respectable total, but he lacked the support.Only Jeremiah Hokenkirk with 19, Premkumar Permaul, and Jonathan Van Lange (2×4) with 11 each were able to pass double digits.Lovell also dominated with the bat in the middle when GCC chased.  He scored a game-high 61 runs. He and skipper Zachary Jodah put together 85 runs for the third wicket after Dindyal had lost his wicket (bowled and caught) to Romeo Deonarine. Deonarine and Jaden Dowlin, the son of former West Indies batsman Travis Dowlin, had pulled things back with their off-spin bowling, but the experience of Lovell and national U-15 captain Jodah proved to be too much. The GCC pair first rotated the strike with singles, before they played the big shots.Lovell was particularly aggressive and spanked six fours and three huge sixes, one of which went on top of the clubhouse rooftop, in his score of 61.  When he fell, caught by a running Ragunauth at mid-off, off the bowling of medium pacer Joshua Walcott, the tables turned. The visitors then lost five wickets, including Jodah (27) for 44 runs, as DCC played themselves back into the game.Although the game ended in the penultimate over with two wickets still in hand, it could have gone differently if the home team did not use their pacers late.Playing conditions dictated that 18 overs of pace have to be bowled, and so they had to forsake their spinners Kareem Caesar, Deonarine, Dowlin and Van Lange, who proved very effective down the stretch.Caesar, who bowled two batsmen in his fourth over, finished with 2-14 from five overs to lead the attack for the eventual second-place finishers.last_img read more

CDC Loosens Restrictions for Isolating Essential Workers

first_imgThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) made a move on Wednesday afternoon that many had expected.CDC Director Robert Redfield announced that the agency has new guidance for essential workers. That replaces previous guidance that had asked workers to isolate for 14 days if they were exposed to someone who is infected with COVID-19.The new guidance allows many employees in essential fields of work, such as healthcare, policing, and food supply, to continue working even if they have have come in contact with someone who has coronavirus.Workers in the aforementioned fields are now asked to:-Pre-screen: Employers should measure the employee’s temperature and assess symptoms prior to the person starting work. Ideally, temperature checks should happen before the individual enters the facility.-Regular monitoring: As long as the employee does not have a temperature or symptoms, they should self-monitor under the supervision of their employer’s occupational health program.-Wear a mask: The employee should wear a face mask at all times while in the workplace for 14 days after last exposure. Employers may issue face masks, or they can approve employees’ supplied cloth face coverings in the event of shortages.-Social distance: The employee should maintain six feet of space and practice social distancing as work duties permit.-Disinfect and clean work spaces: Clean and disinfect all areas such as offices, bathrooms, common areas, shared electronic equipment frequently.“A potential exposure means being a household contact or having close contact within 6 feet of an individual with confirmed or suspected COVID-19,” the CDC said. “The timeframe for having contact with an individual includes the period of time of 48 hours before the individual became symptomatic.”Dr. Deborah Birx, who serves as the White House’s Coronavirus Response Coordinator, explained the change by saying, “It looks at degree of exposure and really making it clear that exposure occurs within 6 feet for more than 15 minutes, so really understanding where you shouldn’t be within 6 feet of people right now.”She continued, “But if you’re in a work situation where you have to be, there will be a series of recommendations that if you had had a significant exposure of what specifically to do, and if you’ve had a less exposure what to do.”CDC May Loosen Guidelines for Some Exposed to COVID-19last_img read more

‘Most improved’ girl golfers head to national final

first_img Twenty-three youngsters are heading to the final of the Abraham Trophy to find the most improved girl golfer in the country.They’ve all qualified on the basis of handicap reduction and they’ll play off in the 18-hole final at Royal Cromer in Norfolk on Sunday, July 26.The field is made up of eight area winners plus the next best 12 players and ties. There are three players from the host county of Norfolk, including Amelia Williamson (Image © Leaderboard Photography) from the England Golf East region U16 squad, who will be playing on home ground at Royal Cromer.Three of the other finalists are also members of regional squads: Ella Crang of Durham, Louisa Brunt of Lancashire and Megan Evans of Worcestershire.The area winners are:Roseanne McSharry of Workington, CumbriaLibby Kilbride of Renishaw Park, YorkshireCharlotte Hazelwood of Notts Ladies’, NottinghamshireGeorgia Pritchard of Beau Desert, StaffordshireChloe Gibbs of Royal Norwich, NorfolkZainab Jeppe of Mill Green, HertfordshireIris Wang of Stanmore, MiddlesexLaura Curtis of Whitley, WiltshireThe other finalists, listed by county, are:BuckinghamshireNathalie Warke of Stoke ParkGeorgina Bowers of BeaconsfieldDorsetGeorgina Wrixon of Ashley WoodDurhamElla Crang of DarlingtonEssexAshley Chalmers of Thorndon ParkSophie Wheeler of OrsettHampshireCharlotte Dack of Meon ValleyLancashireLouisa Brunt of Royal BirkdaleLeicestershireEmily Dunne of Park HillNorfolkMaisie Farrelly of DerehamAmelia Williamson of Royal CromerSomersetAmelia Matthews of LansdownSurreyRafiah Banday of Royal Mid-SurreyWorcestershireMegan Evans of Gaudet LuceYorkshireChristina Rumbelow of EasingwoldClick here for more information about the Abraham Trophy 10 Jun 2015 ‘Most improved’ girl golfers head to national final last_img read more

Winning in the rain at senior championship

first_img It rained and then it poured – but England’s leading seniors put on an impressive display of dogged determination in the first match play round of their national championship. The English senior women’s amateur is something of a magnet for bad weather – and the greenstaff put in sterling work to keep the greens playable (pictured bottom). The players, meanwhile, were stoic. “You’ve just got to get on with it,” was the steady response as they returned, cold and dripping wet, to the South Staffordshire clubhouse. “I haven’t played in a good weather one yet!” said former champion Julie Brown of Trentham (pictured top), who nevertheless had a successful outing, losing just one hole and winning her game 5/4. Tomorrow she plays fellow international Lindsey Shaw (Chevin, Derbyshire). Brown is one of two Staffordshire players through to the second round, alongside the host club’s Annette Deeley – who is living the dream. Three years ago she was recovering from breast cancer and major surgery when Brown – a good friend – told her that this championship was due to be played at her home club. “That was the catalyst, that kept me going. I’m playing here because I can and it’s been a fantastic experience,” she said. Today she knocked out former British champion Katherine Russell (Royal Ashdown Forest, Sussex) and tomorrow she faces another past winner of the British title, Felicity Christine (Woking, Surrey). Top seed Caroline Berry and defending champion Cath Rawthore (pictured left) will be pitted against each other in an intriguing all-Cheshire second round clash. Berry (Bromborough) was taken to the last hole by English senior captain Debbie Richards (Burhill, Surrey) but a birdie on the 17th – her third there in consecutive rounds – had given her a crucial advantage. Rawthore (Sale) sped away in her game and was six up at the turn, but her opponent, Jane Sly (Mill Ride, Berkshire), pulled her back with a pair of birdies and the match went to the 15th. Two more past champions are safely through to the next round. The 2015 winner, Helen Lowe, (Scraptoft, Leicestershire) will take on Fiona Edmond (Ipswich, Suffolk), who was an England international in the early 90s and is making her debut in senior golf. The 2013 champion, Janet Melville (Royal Birkdale, Lancashire) birdied the last to take her place against Lulu Housman (Wyke Green, Middlesex), a past winner of the English senior stroke play title. Housman in turn came through a good tussle with last year’s runner-up, Karen Jobling (Richmond, Yorkshire). Another international, Aileen Greenfield (Pyecombe, Sussex), improvised with her rescue club to avoid fat chip shots and it paid off with a 3/2 win. She plays Sandy Catford (Wath, Yorkshire) who was another fast starter today. She was five up at the turn before Linda Hunt (Newbury & Crookham, Berkshire) fought back and took the match to the 16th. “It was a really good, feisty second nine,” said Catford. Jo Shorrocks (Bigbury, Devon), mounted a successful fightback after dropping three behind in her game. “I had a struggle and a big hook – and changed my grip over the last few holes and managed to win,” she said after her 2up win. She will play Nicola Tebbutt (Carlisle, Cumbria). Tomorrow’s line-up is completed by English senior stroke play champion Jackie Foster (Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire) and Julia Gallagher (Woburn, Bedfordshire) who won through on the 19th today. In the second flight, for over 60s, the top seed Cathy Armstrong (Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire), was toppled by the 16th qualifier, Sue Penfold (Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire), who won 1up.  She now plays Sue Westall (Copt Heath, Warwickshire). Click here for Flight one scores for the Wendy Taylor Salver Click here for Flight Two scores for the Ann Howard Trophy Images © Leaderboard Photography 17 May 2017 Winning in the rain at senior championship last_img read more

Holiday Inn Express Coming To Hazlet

first_imgBy Jay Cook |HAZLET – The township has rolled out the welcome mat for the establishment of a new hotel on Route 35 South in Hazlet, on the Holmdel border.On Nov. 30, the Hazlet Land Use Board unanimously approved a four-story Holiday Inn Express hotel at 2780 Route 35, to be situated on a wooded lot behind an existing two-story Holiday Inn hotel and a commercial building housing Hazlet Pharmacy and Casual Male XL.Some neighboring residents along Miller and Orchard avenues in Holmdel expressed ire during the four-month-long process. Holmdel’s governing body passed a resolution opposing the project, citing quality-of-life concerns for its residents. Holmdel’s mayor, Gregory Buontempo, told the board the new four-story hotel “is literally going to be on top of these one-story homes.”But the plans earned the seal of approval from those who want to see more businesses in town.The current state of the 3-acre lot to be developed as a Holiday Inn Express hotel, which will be four stories tall with 93 rooms.Barbara Ronchetti, a Hazlet committeewoman, said Hazlet has been trying to encourage new businesses along the Route 35 corridor to boost the value of property and increase ratables. Not far away, several large businesses are shuttered, including Kmart, Pathmark, Sports Authority, Frank’s Nursery, Red Oak Diner and Friendly’s.The hotel, Ronchetti said, would be a nice addition to Hazlet. “With our redevelopment plan in place, I feel this hotel will be a great tax revenue for our residents and a very pleasant sight on our highway.”But Steve White, who lives near the hotel property in Holmdel, saw no convincing reason Hazlet should allow two hotels on essentially the same property.“It’s not like we have a theme park here, a convention center or conference halls here,” said White, criticizing the business plan. “All we have is a beach and that really doesn’t justify a hotel.”He added, “Think about it, guys. Think about what you might sign off on.”The new Holiday Inn Express proposed by Gode Hotels would be 13,663 square feet with 93 rooms on its four levels. At its closest point, the hotel would be 92 feet from the nearest property line, where at least 80 feet is required. Building plans describe an indoor swimming pool, small market, lifestyle lounge and a fitness room.Also included in the application was a financial subdivision, meaning the total 7-acre property would be split into two. The existing Holiday Inn will now be on a 3.9-acre lot and the new hotel would be built on 3 acres of an undeveloped, wooded and sandy lot.At the first meeting in mid-August, hotel planner Yomesh Patel told the board the new Holiday Inn Express would be an “upper-scale” hotel, aimed to “attract the right type of clients.” It will not be pet-friendly, smoking won’t be allowed inside or on the premises and it would not market lodging to truckers and laborers, the hotel’s experts said on Nov. 30.Attorney Jeffrey Gale, representing Gode Hotels, said in August the existing Holiday Inn could be sold and rebranded in the future as a Quality Inn or similar style hotel. The Holiday Inn is currently owned by Gode Hotels, the applicant for the Holiday Inn Express.Residents along the border in Holmdel took issue with building another hotel that would stand right behind their houses. Miller Avenue resident Dean Labarca is the closest to the new hotel site. He said it doesn’t make sense for the space.“This is like something that takes place in Brooklyn,” Labarca said. “This is the suburbs. To put this two pounds of baloney in a one-pound spot I think is ridiculous.”An aerial view of the new property approved for a new Holiday Inn Express in Hazlet. It lies between the rear of the Hazlet Pharmacy and behind homes along Miller Avenue in the foreground. Google MapsWhat made the application unique was how the entire hotel property was not a permitted use in its current business park zone. Yet it was specifically noted in Hazlet’s June 2017 master plan reexamination to be changed to the business highway zone, where a hotel would be allowed.Gale, the attorney, told The Two River Times his client did plenty to accommodate the homeowners. They agreed to remove overgrown shrubbery at the hotel egress onto Miller Avenue, replace a dilapidated 6-foot fence with a new, 8-foot privacy fence and prohibit large truck parking along the rear of the property, which is adjacent to residential property.“That’s part of the reason you go through the hearing process,” Gale said. “The hearing process is never intended to be one-sided. It’s an opportunity for the applicant to present his case, it’s also an opportunity for the surrounding property owners to express their specific concerns.”When built, the Holiday Inn Express would join Holiday Inn, Best Western Hazlet Inn, Holmdel Motor Inn and the Shore Point Motel as lodging options along Route 35.Gale said Gode Hotels’ next step would be to apply to the state Department of Transportation because the plans detail an ingress from Route 35, a state highway. They would also need to draft parking and easement agreements with the Hazlet Pharmacy and Casual Male XL property owner to allow for a driveway between the two properties.Gale added he could not give a definite time on when ground would break because he isn’t privy to Gode Hotels’ financing situation. But he said his client accomplished the most important thing – “to accommodate the neighbors and address their concerns.”This article was first published in the Dec. 7-14, 2017 print edition of The Two River Times.last_img read more


first_imgPRESENTED BY CITY NATIONAL BANK, TURF CLASSIC IS ONE OF FIVE RACES FOR GOLDEN STATE SERIES HORSES ARCADIA, Calif. (Jan. 28, 2017)–In a thrilling stretch drive, favored Ashleyluvssugar overhauled What a View to prevail by a half length in Saturday’s $250,000 California Cup Turf Classic at Santa Anita. Ridden to perfection by Flavien Prat and conditioned by Peter Eurton, the 6-year-old California-bred gelding by Game Plan got a mile and one eighth in 1:46.43.As expected, What a View went to the lead under Tyler Baze and held a two length advantage mid-way around the far turn, but Prat stepped on the gas approaching the quarter pole, and it was “game-on” from there to the wire, with Ashleyluvssugar gaining the advantage in the final fifty yards.“He got a perfect ride,” said Eurton. “I think they (Prat and the horse) are just getting to know each other. I think ‘Flavvy’ was just a little bit nervous in the paddock, but the kid is so good, so good. Other than telling him the horse likes to be outside, I didn’t say anything. That was a nice, easy lead that What a View got. I didn’t think we’d get by him for a minute there, but ‘Ashley’s’ got a lot of class.”Owned by his breeders, Sharon Alesia, Bran Jam Stable and Joe Ciaglia, multiple graded stakes winning Ashleyluvssugar, who had been idle since finishing second in the Grade II Hollywood Turf Cup at Del Mar on Nov. 25, was off at even money in a field of nine older horses bred or sired in California and paid $4.00, $2.60 and $2.20.In securing his ninth win from 20 starts, “Ashley,” who is out of the Urgent Request mare, Ashely’s Folley, picked up $150,000 for the win, increasing his earnings to $1,157,504.“I had a good trip,” said Prat. “It came really easy. Once he gets the lead he doesn’t want to open up, but he knows he has to keep at least a head in front.”Tenacious in defeat, What a View set fractions on the “firm” turf of 23.77, 47.58, 1:11.56 and 1:34.74. Off at 3-1, he finished second by a length and a half and paid $3.80 and $3.40.Third turning for home, longshot Ward ‘n Jerry ran gamely for third, holding sway by a half length over He Will. Ridden by Stewart Elliott, Ward ‘n Jerry was off at 60-1 and paid $11.40 to show.last_img read more

50-year-old suspect hospitalised

first_imgSophia stabbing– Family of dead woman calls for justiceThe 50-year-old suspect who fatally stabbed Nadina Kalamadeen on Wednesday evening at North Sophia, Greater Georgetown has been admitted a patient at the Georgetown Public Hospital (GPHC) following the thrashing he received upon his apprehension.Murdered: Nadina KalamadeenOf no fixed place of abode, the suspect was reportedly given a sound beating by residents on Wednesday evening after he had killed the mother of five. The Police have said he is under guard at the medical facility.The 35-year-old woman was stabbed several times to the back by the man after she had refused to take on his advances while walking along First Street, North Sophia.When Guyana Times visited the dead woman’s home on Thursday, her family called for justice and a thorough investigation into circumstances leading up and surrounding the murder.It was reported that Kalamadeen was walking along the roadway in close proximity to her home when the suspect appeared and made several amorous advances towards her.After the woman refused to accept his advances, he reportedly whipped out a knife and dealt her several stabs to the back.The suspect attempted to run away, but an alarm was raised and he was apprehended by persons in the neighbourhood, who later handed him over to the Police.The injured woman was picked up and taken to the Georgetown Public Hospital, where she was pronounced dead on arrival.Mother of the deceased, Elimine De Freitas, told Guyana Times that the suspect was obsessed with her daughter, and now her only concern is seeking justice, to ensure that he is penalised for his actions.“All I know is that my child died. I hope that we get justice and the Police do what they have to do,” the distraught woman stated.She recalled that she was at home when she heard screaming at about 19:00h.“I just hear this hollering, so I thought was the neighbour making noise. We look out and I see everybody running and a lady on the road telling me that my daughter fall down and bleeding. As a mother, I just come out…and we carry her to the hospital.”DeFreitas refuted statements that her daughter had been in a relationship with the suspect, stating that Kalamadeen had been married to someone who works in the interior.“Is a man who live somewhere at the back, and he deh round the area for a while. Like he was desperate and obsessed with her,” the mother explained.Kalamadeen leaves to mourn her five children, mother and other relatives. The suspect is expected to be charged soon.last_img read more

Demand grows for public composting facilities

first_imgA growing number of people are requesting grass and hedge cutting compost centres, according to Letterkenny councillor Gerry McMonagle.The council is being called on to provide composting facilities in local recycling centres or a stand-alone service to take in garden waste.Cllr McMonagle said there is a demand for a service which would take in cuttings and turn it into mulch to sell back to gardeners. Speaking at this week’s Letterkenny-Milford MD meeting, he questioned why there are no facilities to recycle garden waste for the benefit of helping gardens grow.Currently, Donegal’s six public recycling centres accept garden waste at a cost of €2 per bag. The council also provides a subsidised rate of €13 on home composting units.Cllr Donal Coyle, who seconded the motion, said that dumping is a problem in this area; “When grass is dumped in a particular spot the next thing is you see other rubbish being added to it.“If there was composting at recycling centres it would cut out a lot of that.”  Demand grows for public composting facilities was last modified: November 14th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Raider Richie Incognito on drugs, booze, fights and ‘crazy stuff’

first_imgIn a revelatory — and disturbing — new TV interview, controversial Raiders offensive lineman Richie Incognito insists that he’s not a “ticking time bomb.”“I hope not. I think history will suggest that I am,” Incognito tells reporter Bernie Goldberg during a segment for “Real Sports With Bryant Gumbel” that airs on Tuesday (10 p.m., HBO). “But I really am working hard to kind of differentiate from that person and really not make the same mistakes that I have made before to put me in those …last_img read more