The cast of ‘Harry Potter & The Cursed Child'(Photo: Manuel Harlan) Here’s a quick roundup of stories you may have missed today. Harry Potter and The Cursed Child Completes CastBreak out the sorting hat! A whole slew of actors have joined the cast of London’s Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, which begins performances on June 7. Appearing alongside the previously announced Jamie Parker (Harry), Noma Dumezweni (Hermione) and Paul Thornley (Ron) will be Nicola Alexis, Helen Aluko, Jeremy Ang Jones, Rosemary Annabella, Annabel Baldwin, Jack Bennett, Paul Bentall, Anthony Boyle, Zoe Brough, Sam Clemmett, Morag Cross, Cristina Fray, Rudi Goodman, Claudia Grant, James Howard, Christiana Hutchings, Lowri James, Chris Jarman, Martin Johnston, Bili Keogh, Chipo Kureya, James Le Lacheur, Helena Lymbery, Barry McCarthy, Sandy McDade, Andrew McDonald, Tom Mackley, Adam McNamara, Poppy Miller, Tom Milligan, Jack North, Alex Price, Stuart Ramsay, Nuno Silva, Cherrelle Skeete, Esther Smith, Nathaniel Smith, Dylan Standen and Joshua Wyatt. Phew! We’re pretty sure that’s enough witches and wizards to fill the Great Hall. Celebratory butterbeers are on us.Doctor Faustus Adds Jenna Russell & More; ExtendsTony nominee Jenna Russell will join Kit Harrington in the West End’s Doctor Faustus. Russell, who most recently starred in London’s Grey Gardens, will take on the role of Mephistopheles in the production, which begins previews on April 9 and will now run an extra three weeks through June 25. Also joining the cast are Jade Anouka as Wagner, Tony nominee Tom Edden as Good Angel, Danielle Flett as Valdes, Brian Gilligan as Cornelius, Forbes Masson as Lucifer, Craig Stein as Evil Angel and ensemble member Gabby Wong.Nanny McPhee Hits the StageEmma Thompson, who both scripted and starred in Nanny McPhee, is adapting the popular 2005 film, originally based on Christianna Brand’s Nurse Matilda books, for the West End stage. Thompson told The Daily Mail that she always intended to turn the stories into a musical. We know one Broadway.com employee/distant relative who will be quite excited! View Comments
They make food best just after they expand to their full size and before the pests start nibbling,sucking and invading. For trees, now is a great time to be alive. Healthy, structurally sound trees have plenty to share. Trees that have been neglected, abusedand damaged have little food for anything but survival. You can help save trees through timely and tree-literate care. A summertime dream under thespreading branches of a healthy tree can be well worth the effort. All too soon, the tree’s bounty will go to feed many other mouths, processes and organisms. Is your tree gaining growth to survive and thrive another season? Or will this summer be theyear when your stressed tree finally evaporates into the environment from whence it came? Summertime trees have full, functional sets of leaves. Besides shading us from our amplesunlight, leaves take in carbon dioxide and churn out tree food. As far as the bugs go, trees shelter the good and the bad under the same canopy of leaves andaround the same roots. Under some conditions, the bad things reproduce fast. Only the goodbugs and the environment can control the fast-growing populations of bad bugs. Watering trees when they need it helps stressed trees make a living. During even short droughttimes, watering can greatly help young and old trees. Water is a tree’s most valuablecommodity in summer. At the same time, the tree’s food-making machinery breaks more often and becomes lessefficient. In fact, at higher temperatures, one of the gas-capture systems in tree leavesmistakenly starts grabbing oxygen instead of carbon dioxide. This costs the tree more food tocorrect. A tree is a mini-ecological system with checks and controls for living things. Under stressfultimes, tree-damaging creatures can gain an upper hand. Even on humid days, the humidity drops quickly with rising temperatures. If leaves lose waterto the air faster than roots can absorb it from the soil, the leaves shut down. They take a noonsiesta that ends when the roots catch up in supplying water. Soon, fungi will take up housekeeping. Multiple generations of insects and other crawly thingswill move in. And all sorts of animals will hang around for the comfort, shade and food treesprovide. The summer heat forces a tree to use more of its food just to stay alive. For every 18-degreeincrease in temperature above 40 degrees Fahrenheit, a tree’s respiration needs (or food use)doubles. The long days of summer are upon us. The bugs, humidity and heat can make a grown personseek the shelter of air conditioners. You may be miserable, but what about your trees? Shouldyou bring them a cool drink? For trees, it’s not the humidity. It’s the heat. High relative humidities mean a tree needs tospend less on water uptake and control. Leaves don’t lose water as fast. With plenty ofmoisture in the air, nighttime dews and fogs reduce water loss. Next spring, you’ll be able to see how well your tree survived this summer. That’s whentree-food shortages, damaged tissues and health problems can be finally tallied. Water evaporating from soil and tree surfaces provide some cooling. Without water to makefood or cool themselves, trees can overheat. Be neighborly. Provide a drink for your trees. Leaves begin work as the sun climbs 5 degrees above the horizon and closes down at day’s endwhen the sun falls below 5 degrees from the horizon. It’s always a long summer work day fora tree leaf.
William R. Lambert ATHENS, GA. — William R. Lambert will become Associate Dean for Extensionat the University of Georgia in the College of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesJuly 15, pending approval by the Board of Regents. The announcement was made Friday, June4, by Dean Gale Buchanan. “Dr. Lambert brings a wealth of experience and an appreciation forthe many facets of agriculture to this important and demanding job for our state,”Buchanan said. Lambert will give leadership to the university’s largest public service and outreach program, whichserves all 159 counties with a team of county Extension Service agents. They are supportedby extension scientists in the colleges of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Family and Consumer Sciences and the David B. Warnell School of Forest Resources. He will also coordinate extension programs with research and teaching units of theCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences as well as other outreach units of theUniversity of Georgia. Lambert has served as assistant dean for extension since 1996. In histenure with UGA, which began in 1976, he has also served as associate director foragriculture and natural resources, interim department head for the Department of Entomology and extensionentomologist. Lambert has received the Walter B. Hill Award for his work in publicservice, the Distinguished Achievement Award in Extension from the southeastern branch ofthe Entomological Society of America, the Public Service and Extension Award from the vicepresident for service and outreach, and the D. W. Brooks Award. Lambert will replace Robert Isaac, who retires July 1 after serving in theleadership role for the UGA Cooperative Extension Servicesince 1996. The Extension Service is a unique partnership among federal, state and countygovernments, conducted in Georgia through the University of Georgia and Fort Valley State University.
By Sharon OmahenUniversity of GeorgiaUniversity of Georgia food scientists and their colleagues at theUniversity of Ghana, Legon have developed infant foods that havebeen used to improve the nutritional status of malnourishedchildren in some communities in Ghana. “A significant subpopulation of children in the region oftensuffers from extreme protein malnutrition,” said Robert Phillips,a food scientist with the UGA College of Agricultural andEnvironmental Sciences. Extending existing workTo address this growing health issue, Phillips and UGA graduatestudent Yvonne Mensa-Wilmot, a native of Ghana in West Africa,extended previous work on weaning foods. The principle of protein complementation – the blending ofdifferent proteins to optimize the resulting essential amino acidcontent – was used. Previously in Ghana, a formula called “weanimix,” made from crops indigenous to the region, had beenintroduced. Phillips and Mensa-Wilmot also used combinations of cowpeas,peanuts, and corn, all staple crops in the area, as well assoybean, a non-traditional crop being promoted for this purpose. The formulas were designed for children 6 to 9 months old and hadbuilt-in convenience for mothers preparing it. The approach was to use computer programs to optimize amino acidprofiles of blends. Ingredients were then processed by extrusioncooking, enzyme action, and other approaches to yieldready-to-use formulas that had to simply be mixed with hot waterprior to serving. The resulting formulas were extensivelyanalyzed for nutritional and physical properties. The research project was funded by the U.S. Agency forInternational Development’s Bean/Cowpea Collaborative ResearchSupport Program (CRSP). As part of the collaboration,Mensa-Wilmot traveled to Ghana to survey mothers’ responses tothe foodand their willingness to accept and use it.Dramatic resultsOn the weaning formula project, Sam Sefa-Dedeh and EstherSakyi-Dawson, both with the Department of Nutrition and FoodScience at the University of Ghana-Legon, have developed otherhigh protein foods. One of their weaning foods is based on thetraditional fermented maize dough fortified with cowpeas. “They conducted the outreach efforts to introduce the food tosome villages,” said Phillips. In the communities where thefortified food was tested the nutritional status of the childrenimproved dramatically.In one case, a 2-year old child was so malnourished she wasunable to walk. Just a few months after eating the porridge fromthe fortified fermented maize dough, she was much stronger andable to walk again. Children need proteinUnlike adults in these regions, growing children can’t survivesolely on cereal-based foods.”A child’s essential amino-acid requirement on a body-weightbasis is nearly 10 times that of an adult,” Phillips said. “Theyjust can’t survive on starchy weaning foods. They have to haveadditional protein, too.””These children often develop edema,” he said, “which causestheir stomachs to swell, making them appear fat when, in fact,they’re very malnourished.”These children also often suffer hair loss and loss of hairpigmentation, he said.”You can spot the children who are in the extreme stages ofmalnutrition, because they have red hair instead of black hair,”he said. “This is just one sign of lack of protein or lowprotein.”Sometimes cultural practices prevent parents in underdevelopedcountries from providing their children a protein food even whenit’s available, he said.”For example, some parents won’t give the children eggs becausethey think it will make them want to steal eggs,” Phillips said.”Of course, this is not true. But it’s an old myth, similar tomany still in existence in our own society.”
University of GeorgiaFarmers, landowners or anyone interested in finding out more about conservation programs should attend one of the two remaining Conservation, Wildlife and Farmland Protection Workshops scheduled March 4 in Tifton, Ga., and March 11 in Statesboro, Ga. “Most people don’t realize there are all types of programs available to encourage and reward conservation,” said Curt Lacy, an economist with the UGA Cooperative Extension. “These workshops help them understand which programs they need to be looking at.”Questions will be answered by experts with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Georgia Department of Agriculture, the Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission and other federal, state and private organizations.Registration is $25 in advance or $35 less than one week before the workshop. This includes materials, notebooks, lunch and breaks.To find out more or to register, call 229/386-3416. Or go to the Website www.ugatiftonconference.org.
By Susan VarlamoffUniversity of GeorgiaWhat does global warming mean to you? State climatologist David Stooksbury, an atmospheric sciences professor in the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, answers questions on climate change in Georgia.How will global warming affect Georgia?We don’t know. The models don’t do a good job of predicting climates on the local scale or predicting extreme climate events.What we do know is that Georgia has cooled down slightly (0.1 degrees Fahrenheit) in the past 100 years. I think this is the result of Georgia’s going from primarily row-crop agriculture in 1900 to forest.Today, 60 percent to 70 percent of Georgia is forested, and we think transpiration of water vapor from the trees has caused a drop in temperature.Can we link high carbon dioxide levels to Earth’s warming?We have the highest carbon dioxide levels in recorded history. Atmospheric scientists have been sending up two weather balloons daily nationwide since 1948, and we see no trends for warming or cooling in the bottom half of the atmosphere.The measurements showing Earth is warming are taken on the surface. We’re just not sure of the feedback loops and what part is human-induced.If sea levels rise globally, will the Georgia coast be flooded?Along the Georgia coast, any change in sea level will have catastrophic impacts because of the shallow nature of our coastal waters. Around the world, we don’t see uniform changes in sea levels.The local sea level is modulated by local geological processes. Two important such processes are local uplift of the earth’s surface and the deposition of soil from the continent.On the global scale, ice melting in the sea doesn’t cause a sea level rise — only ice on land, such as Greenland. We know the North Pole is melting, but the South Pole ice sheet is increasing. These problems are complex.Can we expect hurricanes like Katrina to hit Georgia?Yes! Major hurricanes have struck Georgia in the past and will in the future, regardless of climate change. We hear about hurricanes only when they hit land, so this year we’ve had little news.In the 1800s, Georgia had six category 3 or higher hurricanes. Thousands of people were killed. We’re overdue for a major hurricane. But, as I said, our models can’t predict when.How does burning fossil fuels fit into global warming?It’s very complex. Atmospheric carbon dioxide caused by burning fossil fuels has increased since the 1750s and especially since 1945. Global temperatures have increased during the same period.However, there isn’t a simple, one-to-one relationship between carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and temperature. We expect most of the warming to be at night, during the winter, in the higher latitudes. We might see very little warming during the summer in Georgia.If we don’t know the impact of fossil fuels, why do anything?We’re polluting our environment from coal-fired power plants and driving cars that produce health-harming pollutants. Our national security and economy depend on imported oil. So to control our own destiny, we need to develop alternative fuels.For Georgia, that means relying much more on solar power. Biofuels from agricultural and forestry waste show outstanding potential here. Along the coast, wind energy can be developed for peak power demands. No single energy source will solve the problem.Do you see any other weather variations caused by people?Yes — population increases and land changes. As soon as we have 2,500 people in a population center, we see warming signals.Atlanta is much warmer than the surrounding suburbs, often by 10 degrees. Downwind from major cities, we see more rain. In Southeastern summers, afternoon temperatures in farm fields are higher than in the surrounding forest.We must plan and design for things we do know, especially in land-use changes.(Susan Varlamoff is a program coordinator for the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Office of Environmental Sciences.)
By Terry KelleyUniversity of GeorgiaThe dog days of summer are beginning to give way to crisper fall air. But this doesn’t mean the gardening season is over. It’s still possible to grow crops well into the fall and even through the winter in parts of Georgia.Frost will eventually reap the last of the heat-loving crops such as squash, tomatoes and okra. But such crops as cabbage, turnips, mustard, radishes, beets, broccoli, carrots and even English peas can enjoy the cool days of autumn and early winter. Many of these can take a fairly stout frost and be OK.Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower and kohlrabi are all good crops for fall gardens. They’re best started from transplants but can be direct-seeded, too. If you seed them directly into the soil, keep the ground moist while it’s still hot to give them a good start.Keep them well watered if you transplant, too. The later you start, the smarter it becomes to transplant to cut the time to maturity. Establishing plants after late September may not yield good results. Most of these crops take from 70 to 80 days to mature in the fall.Most leafy greens can fit this pattern. Turnips and mustard are less tolerant to frosts and freezes than collards and kale. Don’t wait too late to plant them. They’re short-season crops and will mature in 45-60 days.All of these crops except cabbage and kohlrabi lend themselves to multiple harvests. You may be able to get several cuttings on one crop.English peas can’t stand a hard freeze. But there’s time to get in a crop before harsh weather. Sugar snap peas or edible pod peas will fit into this category, too. They usually require about 70 days to mature in the fall.Radishes will mature in about four weeks. Beets and Swiss chard, both hardy crops, mature in about 60 days. Plant these in time to harvest before hard freezes.Carrots and onions grow well in south Georgia during the winter. Neither can take severe temperatures, but light freezes and frosts do them no harm. Carrots can be seeded in September through October for harvest in the spring. Onions are usually transplanted in November for harvest in April and May.It will soon be time to clean off the remains of the summer garden. But get ready now for fall and winter. It can be a lot more fun to garden in the crisp fall air than in the gnat-infested heat of summer.
Behind the wheel• Stop aggressive driving. Speeding, rapid acceleration and braking cuts mileage by up to 33 percent on the highway and by 5 percent in the city.• Obey the speed limit. Gas mileage decreases rapidly above 60 mph. • Use the overdrive gear if available to reduce engine speed. • Use cruise control to maintain a steady speed on the highway.• Pack lightly and avoid putting items on the vehicle’s roof. An extra 100 pounds in the trunk cuts fuel economy by as much as 2 percent. • Turn the car off when stopped for longer than one minute. Idling gets 0 mpg.• Combine errands and plan routes. Several short trips taken from cold starts can use twice as much fuel as a multipurpose trip of the same distance with a warm engine. Riding bikes, walking, telecommuting, using public transportation or car pooling are other ways to save gas and money. “Bike sales are way up, along with fuel-efficient vehicles, including scooters, hybrids and compacts,” Rupured said.(April Sorrow is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.) By April SorrowUniversity of GeorgiaIn the wake of Hurricane Ike, gasoline prices have surged to new highs. In Georgia, gas averages more than $4 a gallon, a record. Prices may lower in the coming weeks, but drivers should still try to get the most out of every gallon, says a University of Georgia expert. Gas now costs a dollar more per gallon than it did this time last year. It costs 40 cents more per gallon than last month, said Michael Rupured, a consumer financial expert with UGA Cooperative Extension.“The current spike is temporary, but high gas prices are very likely here to stay,” he said. “It’s very unlikely that we’ll see gas prices below $3 per gallon again. While the current spike is a direct result of (Hurricane) Ike, it did not cause prices to go up everywhere. We can expect that gas prices will return to a more reasonable rate in the near future.” To get the most miles per gallon, and regardless of high or low prices, the U.S. Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency offers these tips: Basic maintenance pays off• Keep the car tuned. A faulty oxygen sensor, for example, can reduce mileage by as much as 40 percent. • Replace dirty air filters.• Properly inflate tires. Every 1 psi drop in pressure can lower mileage by .4 percent. • Use the manufacturer’s recommended motor oil with “Energy Conserving” on its American Petroleum Institute label.
The recent excessive heat and dry conditions are evident when you look at the plant life in our area. There have been isolated showers across the state, but many areas have not received the much needed rain. Unless you have been watering it, the grass in your lawn is probably wilted and browning. But if you’ve been watering improperly, you may still find yourself with a less-than-healthy lawn.Raise your mower heightThe way you manage your lawn will influence the amount of water required to keep it healthy. Increased nitrogen fertilization and thatch build up increase the amount and frequency of irrigation needed. During dry periods, raise the mowing height and mow with a frequency in which no more than a third of the leaf tissue is removed. Raising the mowing height will allow the grass to maintain a deeper root system, thereby helping the grass to find more water.Thatch is plant material between the soil surface and leaves of the turf. A thick thatch layer will increase run-off and encourage a shallow root system. You may need to dethatch your lawn if the thatch layer is thicker than half an inch. Aeration will also help slow down thatch development, increase water infiltration and reduce run-off.Know when to waterIrrigate your lawn efficiently and effectively to get the most benefit from the water you’re using. Irrigate when you see the signs of moisture stress — a dull and blue-green color, folded leaf blades, wilted blades or when your family’s footprints remain visible in the grass.Water also needs to be applied at the correct time to achieve the best results. Try to wait to water turf until just before wilt occurs. The ideal time to water your lawn is before sunrise, but this is not easily accomplished unless you have an automatic sprinkler system or you are an early riser. If you can’t wake before sunrise, water your lawn between midnight and 10 a.m. Water loss at night from irrigation is 50 percent less than from midday irrigation. Irrigating after dew develops will not increase disease problems because wet grass is wet grass — no matter how much water is applied. In contrast, if you water before dew forms or after the dew has dried from the morning sun, this will extend the period of time when your lawn is wet and may enhance disease development. Apply the right amountHomeowners often ask University of Georgia Cooperative Extension agents how much water to apply to their lawn. Frequent, light irrigations produce shallow root systems, so soak the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. This will require about a half to an inch of water. Applying water to this depth will help prevent the roots from staying near the soil surface and will force them to grow deeper as the soil surface begins to dry out. Not sure how much water your lawn is getting from the sprinkler? Search caes.uga.edu/Publications/ for irrigation scheduling or contact your local Extension office to guide you. Hopefully, the much needed rain will arrive soon and give lawns across Georgia relief from the hot and dry conditions. Until then, follow the tips from UGA Extension and water your lawn wisely.
Students desiring to attend the University of Georgia or those interested in learning more about the UGA Tifton Campus are invited to attend Southwest ShowCAES 2015, a recruiting event on Tuesday, Sept. 15, at the Tifton Campus Conference Center.Southwest ShowCAES is designed to introduce high school and college students to the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and the UGA Tifton Campus. Prospective UGA students will meet with faculty and students from the nine different departments within the college and learn about all the academic programs that are offered. Representatives from financial aid and university admissions will also be available to answer questions.The evening is one of UGA Tifton’s biggest recruiting events each year, attracting approximately 200 people. “I have a personal connection with the event because it was helpful for me,” said Breanna Coursey, admissions counselor on the UGA Tifton Campus and former UGA Tifton student. As a student at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College in 2010, Coursey attended Southwest ShowCAES and discovered there was an academic program available for her at the UGA Tifton Campus.“The most memorable part for me was that, after we visited with the different departments and had dinner, they had breakout sessions. There, I learned more about transferring, which is what I was hoping to hear more about. That’s really where I realized I could stay in Tifton and attend the University of Georgia. Up until that point, I thought Athens was my only option,” Coursey said. “I remember the information they gave me being really helpful, especially concerning GPA and credit hours.”After dinner there will be two breakout sessions: one for high school students who plan to attend UGA in Athens, Georgia, and one for current college students considering transferring to a UGA campus.“The exposure we receive from these events is very crucial. There are people in the Tifton community that do not realize they can get an undergraduate degree from the University of Georgia here in Tifton,” Coursey said. “It is really exciting to think about the number of people we have the potential to impact.”The event will start at 5:30 p.m. and is free to attend. However, preregistration is requested to adequately prepare for the dinner. To preregister, go to bit.do/uga-showCAES. For more information, contact Coursey at (229) 386-3077 or at firstname.lastname@example.org.The Sept. 15 event in Tifton is the first of two showCAES events that will be offered in south Georgia. On Thursday, Sept. 17, at 5:30 p.m., a similar event, Southeast ShowCAES, will be held in Statesboro, Georgia, at the Bulloch County Center for Agriculture.